Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT)
Sixty-nine year after Independence poverty remains one of Indian's largest and most pressing problems.In response, both the central and state governments in India operate a vast array of cash and in-kind transfers to protect its poor. But these social protection schemes often suffer from substantial leakages and poor targeting, distort market functioning by subsidising prices and thereby impose significant fiscal stress without commensurate social benefits. India is seeking to port these subsidies into direct-to-beneficiary transfers, often called Direct Benefit Transfers or DBT. Implementing DBT should be a means to an end, not only to reduce leakages in the Indian subsidy system, but also to ensure that the targeted poor and vulnerable in society get timely transfers a low cost in time and money.

1. Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) is a major reform initiative launched by Govt. Of India which aims at accurately targeting the beneficiaries, enhancing efficiency, transparency and accountability by leveraging Addhar.
2. As per the directive of the government, all welfare schemes are to be linked with Aadhar and the scope of DBT has been expanded to include all kinds of transfer such as honorarium given to various enablers of government schemes like ASHA, Aganwadi Workers, etc.
3. Government of Sikkim vide notification number 29/Home/2011dated 30March2011has recognized Aadhar for accessing services offered by the state government and has achieve full traceability and accountability.
4. DESME is the Nodal department of UID as well as DBT.

IMPORTANT INDICATORS
Area: 7096 sq kms   |   State Capital : Gangtok   |  Number of district: 4  |  Sub division: 16   |  Literacy rate: 81.4%  |  Sex ratio: 890 per thousand males  |  Density: 86 person per sq.km  |  Per capita income at current prices: Rs 29,7765.00  |  Per capita income at constant prices: Rs 21,8333.00  |  Birth rate: 17.1  |  Death rate: 5.1  |  Infant Mortality Rate (IMR): 19  |  Neonatal Mortality: 19.4  |  Post Neonatal: 14.3  |  Child Mortality: 6.7  |  Under Five Mortality: 32  |  Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR): 8  |  Total Fertility Rate (TFR): 1.2