Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has been setup by the Govt. of India with the mandate to issue unique identification number or Aadhaar to all residents in the country. UIDAI proposes to create a platform to first collect the identity details like demography, and then perform authentication that can be used by several government and commercial service providers. In order to ensure that each identity is unique and unduplicated, biometric details like, finger prints of all ten fingers of the hand, iris and photograph of each and every person will be captured. The UID has immense possibilities through generation of unique number which the government of Sikkim proposes to use in all identity based schemes and other business processes, development of an effective beneficiary management system, ensure delivery of schemes to the poor and rural people, financial inclusion of the rural people, and build a robust data base for integrated management system and effective monitoring and evaluation.
The main objective behind the UID project are as under:
- To give unique identity number to all residents
- To ensure financial inclusion of the poor/rural people through UEBA (UID enabled Bank accounts)
- To create a robust benefit/delivery mechanism for ensuring last mile delivery.
- The UID number is proposed to be incorporated in all identity based schemes and process like Ration Card, Bank Account, Passport and flagship projects of government of India.
- Development of a database for effective monitoring and evaluation
One of the objectives of UID programme is to implement Direct Benefit Transfer, an anti-poverty program which aims to transfer subsidies directly to the beneficiaries. Direct Benefit Transfer is intended to bring transparency and terminate pilferage. Therefore, all identity based schemes is proposed to be implemented through UID numbers. Hence, a citizen must have Aadhaar for availing benefits. In addition to this many documents like passport, Ration Card, etc and banking services now require Aadhaar.
In Sikkim, the UID programme started in 2010-11 and DESM&E has been declared as the Nodal department.
Permanent Enrolment Center (PEC) has been established by the department in all the four districts. The location of the PECs is given below:
- East District: DESM&E, Church Road, Gangtok
- West District: District Statistics Office, Kyongsa, Gyalshing
- North District: District Statistics Office, Pentok, Mangan
- South District: District Statistics Office, District Administrative Center, Namchi
Total enrollment achieved ( June 2016): 621,380 persons
Adhaar generated (June 2016 ): 577,554 persons
In order to ensure that each identity is unique and unduplicated, biometric details like, finger prints of all ten fingers of the hand, iris and photograph of each and every person will be captured. The UID has immense possibilities through generation of unique number which the government of Sikkim proposes to use in all identity based schemes and other business processes, development of an effective beneficiary management system, ensure delivery of schemes to the poor and rural people, financial inclusion of the rural people, and build a robust data base for integrated management system and effective monitoring and evaluation.
Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT)
Sixty-nine years after Independence, poverty remains one of India's largest and most pressing problems. In response, both the central and state goverments in India operate a vast array of cash and in-kind transfers to protect its poor. But these social protection schemes often suffer from substantial leakages and poor targeting, distort market functioning by subsidising prices and thereby impose significant fiscal stress without commensurate social benefits. India is seeking to port these subsidies into direct-to-beneficiary transfers, often called Direct Benefit Transfers or DBT. Implementing DBT should be a means to an end, not only to reduce leakages in the Indian subsidy system, but also to ensure that the targeted poor and vulnerable in society get timely transfers at low cost in time and money.
1. Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) is a major reform initiative launched by Govt. Of India which aims at accurately targeting the beneficiaries, enhancing efficiency, transparency and accountability by leveraging Aadhaar.
2. As per the directive of the government, all welfare schemes are to be linked with Aadhaar and the scope of DBT has also been expanded to include all kinds of transfer such as honorarium given to various enablers of government schemes like ASHA, Aganwadi Workers, etc.
3. Government of Sikkim vide notification number 29/Home/2011 dated 30 March 2011 has recognized Aadhaar for accessing services offered by the state goverment and has directed the nodal department (D.E.S.M.E) to develop Aadhaar based mechanism to achieve full traceability and accountability.
4. DESME is the Nodal department for UID as well as DBT.